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Linda Buck

Software Engineer





Department Affiliation



2000-present and while at APL-UW

The 2009 Philippine Sea pilot study/engineering test and the 2010 Philippine Sea experiment: University of Washington cruises

Mercer, J., R. Andrew, L. Buck, G. D'Spain, M. Dzieciuch, A. Ganse, F. Henyey, A. White, and P. Worcester, "The 2009 Philippine Sea pilot study/engineering test and the 2010 Philippine Sea experiment: University of Washington cruises," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 131, 3352, doi:10.1121/1.,4708563 2012.

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1 Apr 2012

Investigators at the University of Washington's Applied Physics Laboratory collaborated with scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during the 2009 Philippine Sea Pilot Study/Engineering Test and the 2010 Philippine Sea Experiment. The focus of both efforts was to collect well controlled low-frequency acoustic propagation data and detailed environmental information. The data from these cruises are presently being analyzed in the interests of: horizontal statistics of ocean spice as measured on a towed conductivity-temperature-depth (pressure) chain, fluctuation measures of low-frequency broadband ocean acoustic signals, bottom properties, and associated theoretical developments. This presentation will outline the experimental plans for each year, discuss preliminary analysis results, and provide an introduction for more detailed presentations in the remainder of this session.

PhilSea10 APL-UW Cruise Report: 5-29 May 2010

Andrew, R.K., J.A. Mercer, B.M. Bell, A.A. Ganse, L. Buck, T. Wen, and T.M. McGinnis, "PhilSea10 APL-UW Cruise Report: 5-29 May 2010," APL-UW TR 1001, October 2010.

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30 Oct 2010

A team from the Applied Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington (APL-UW) conducted underwater sound propagation exercises from 5 to 29 May 2010 aboard the R/V Roger Revelle in the Philippine Sea. This research cruise was part of a larger multi-cruise, multi-institution effort, the PhilSea10 Experiment, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, to investigate the deterministic and stochastic properties of long-range deep ocean sound propagation in a region of energetic oceanographic processes. The primary objective of the APL-UW cruise was to transmit acoustic signals from electro-acoustic transducers suspended from the R/V Roger Revelle to an autonomous distributed vertical line array (DVLA) deployed in March by a team from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO.) The DVLA will be recovered in March 2011.

Two transmission events took place from a location designated SS500, approximately 509 km to the southeast of the DVLA: a 54-hr event using the HX554 transducer at 1000 m depth, and a 55-hr event using the MP200/TR1446 "multiport" transducer at 1000 m depth. A third event took place towing the HX554 at a depth of 150 m at roughly 1–2 kt for 10 hr on a radial line 25–43 km away from the DVLA. All acoustic events broadcasted low-frequency (61–300 Hz) m-sequences continuously except for a short gap each hour to synchronize transmitter computer files. An auxiliary cruise objective was to obtain high temporal and spatial resolution measurements of the sound speed field between SS500 and the DVLA.

Two methods were used: tows of an experimental "CTD chain" (TCTD) and periodic casts of the ship's CTD. The TCTD consisted of 88 CTD sensors on an inductive seacable 800 m long, and was designed to sample the water column to 500 m depth from all sensors every few seconds. Two tows were conducted, both starting near SS500 and following the path from SS500 towards the DVLA, for distances of 93 km and 124 km. Only several dozen sensors responded during sampling. While the temperature data appear reasonable, only about one-half the conductivity measurements and none of the pressure measurements can be used. Ship CTD casts were made to 1500 m depth every 10 km, with every fifth cast to full ocean depth.

Predicting the Utility of Non-Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (NRIXS) for Standoff Explosives Detection

Elam, W.T., G. Seidler, T. Fister, K. Nagel, and L. Buck, "Predicting the Utility of Non-Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (NRIXS) for Standoff Explosives Detection," APL-UW TR 0903, November 2009.

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1 Nov 2009

The research reported here was a component of a three-year program at the University of Washington to improve fundamental knowledge that is important for developing new technologies and approaches to counter improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The focus of our component was to develop methods for identifying explosive materials using X-ray spectroscopy.

All chemical explosives store energy in specific, high-energy chemical bonds. Detecting and classifying explosives is a matter of analyzing the structure of these bonds by some method, either direct or indirect. One direct method is to measure the X-ray emission spectrum of the relevant elements involved in the chemical bonds, such as nitrogen or oxygen in a typical explosive. A complementary technique is provided by a particular type of non-resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (NRIXS).

More Publications

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center