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Daniel Shapero

Research Scientist/Engineer Senior





Department Affiliation

Polar Science Center


B.S. Applied Mathematics, McGill University (Montreal, QC, Canada), 2010

Ph.D. Applied Mathematics, University of Washington - Seattle, 2017


2000-present and while at APL-UW

The Framework for Ice Sheet–Ocean Coupling (FISOC) V1.1

Gladstone, R., and 12 others including D. Shapero, "The Framework for Ice Sheet–Ocean Coupling (FISOC) V1.1," Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 889-905, doi:10.5194/gmd-14-889-2021, 2021.

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11 Feb 2021

A number of important questions concern processes at the margins of ice sheets where multiple components of the Earth system, most crucially ice sheets and oceans, interact. Such processes include thermodynamic interaction at the ice–ocean interface, the impact of meltwater on ice shelf cavity circulation, the impact of basal melting of ice shelves on grounded ice dynamics and ocean controls on iceberg calving. These include fundamentally coupled processes in which feedback mechanisms between ice and ocean play an important role. Some of these mechanisms have major implications for humanity, most notably the impact of retreating marine ice sheets on the global sea level. In order to better quantify these mechanisms using computer models, feedbacks need to be incorporated into the modelling system. To achieve this, ocean and ice dynamic models must be coupled, allowing runtime information sharing between components. We have developed a flexible coupling framework based on existing Earth system coupling technologies. The open-source Framework for Ice Sheet–Ocean Coupling (FISOC) provides a modular approach to coupling, facilitating switching between different ice dynamic and ocean components. FISOC allows fully synchronous coupling, in which both ice and ocean run on the same time step, or semi-synchronous coupling in which the ice dynamic model uses a longer time step. Multiple regridding options are available, and there are multiple methods for coupling the sub-ice-shelf cavity geometry. Thermodynamic coupling may also be activated. We present idealized simulations using FISOC with a Stokes flow ice dynamic model coupled to a regional ocean model. We demonstrate the modularity of FISOC by switching between two different regional ocean models and presenting outputs for both. We demonstrate conservation of mass and other verification steps during evolution of an idealized coupled ice–ocean system, both with and without grounding line movement.

Brief communication: Heterogenous thinning and subglacial lake activity on Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica

Hoffman, A.O., K. Christianson, D. Shapero, B.E. Smith, and I. Joughin, "Brief communication: Heterogenous thinning and subglacial lake activity on Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica," Cryosphere, 14, 4603-4609, doi:10.5194/tc-14-4603-2020, 2020.

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18 Dec 2020

A system of subglacial lakes drained on Thwaites Glacier from 2012-2014. To improve coverage for subsequent drainage events, we extended the elevation and icevelocity time series on Thwaites Glacier through austral winter 2019. These new observations document a second drainage cycle in 2017/18 and identified two new lake systems located in the western tributaries of Thwaites and Haynes glaciers. In situ and satellite velocity observations show temporary < 3% speed fluctuations associated with lake drainages. In agreement with previous studies, these observations suggest that active subglacial hydrology has little influence on thinning and retreat of Thwaites Glacier on decadal to centennial timescales.

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center