Campus Map

Daniel Shapero

Research Scientist/Engineer - Senior





Department Affiliation

Polar Science Center


B.S. Applied Mathematics, McGill University (Montreal, QC, Canada), 2010

Ph.D. Applied Mathematics, University of Washington - Seattle, 2017


2000-present and while at APL-UW

Ocean-induced melt volume directly paces ice loss from Pine Island Glacier

Joughin, I., D. Shapero, P. Dutrieux, and B. Smith, "Ocean-induced melt volume directly paces ice loss from Pine Island Glacier," Sci. Adv., 7, doi:10.1126/sciadv.abi5738, 2021.

More Info

22 Oct 2021

The spatial distribution of ocean-induced melting beneath buttressing ice shelves is often cited as an important factor controlling Antarctica’s sea-level contribution. Using numerical simulations, we investigate the relative sensitivity of grounded-ice loss to the spatial distribution and overall volume of ice-shelf melt over two centuries. Contrary to earlier work, we find only minor sensitivity to melt distribution (<6%), with a linear dependence of ice loss on the total melt. Thus, less complex models that need not reproduce the detailed melt distribution may simplify the projection of future sea level. The linear sensitivity suggests a contribution of up to 5.1 cm from Pine Island Glacier over the next two centuries given anticipated levels of ocean warming, provided its ice shelf does not collapse because of other causes.

icepack: A new glacier flow modeling package in Python, version 1.0

Shapero, D.R., J.A. Badgeley, A.O. Hoffman, and I.R. Joughin, "icepack: A new glacier flow modeling package in Python, version 1.0," Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 4593-4616, doi:10.5194/gmd-14-4593-2021, 2021.

More Info

26 Jul 2021

We introduce a new software package called 'icepack' for modeling the flow of glaciers and ice sheets. The icepack package is built on the finite element modeling library Firedrake, which uses the Unified Form Language (UFL), a domain-specific language embedded into Python for describing weak forms of partial differential equations. The diagnostic models in icepack are formulated through action principles that are specified in UFL. The components of each action functional can be substituted for different forms of the user's choosing, which makes it easy to experiment with the model physics. The action functional itself can be used to define a solver convergence criterion that is independent of the mesh and requires little tuning on the part of the user. The icepack package includes the 2D shallow ice and shallow stream models. We have also defined a 3D hybrid model based on spectral semi-discretization of the Blatter–Pattyn equations. Finally, icepack includes a Gauss–Newton solver for inverse problems that runs substantially faster than the Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno (BFGS) method often used in the glaciological literature. The overall design philosophy of icepack is to be as usable as possible for a wide a swath of the glaciological community, including both experts and novices in computational science.

Ice-shelf retreat drives recent Pine Island Glacier speedup

Joughin, I., D. Shapero, B. Smith, P. Dutrieux, and M. Barham, "Ice-shelf retreat drives recent Pine Island Glacier speedup," Sci. Adv., 7, doi:10.1126/sciadv.abg3080, 2021.

More Info

11 Jun 2021

Speedup of Pine Island Glacier over the past several decades has made it Antarctica's largest contributor to sea-level rise. The past speedup is largely due to grounding-line retreat in response to ocean-induced thinning that reduced ice-shelf buttressing. While speeds remained fairly steady from 2009 to late 2017, our Copernicus Sentinel 1A/B-derived velocity data show a >12% speedup over the past 3 years, coincident with a 19-km retreat of the ice shelf. We use an ice-flow model to simulate this loss, finding that accelerated calving can explain the recent speedup, independent of the grounding-line, melt-driven processes responsible for past speedups. If the ice shelf’s rapid retreat continues, it could further destabilize the glacier far sooner than would be expected due to surface- or ocean-melting processes.

More Publications

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center